Toolbar Box Two: FX

Dodge BurnFX: Dodge, Burn, Soft, Text & Combine
 
Dodge: When you use the Dodge tool over the top of any color already on your drawing it lightens/brightens the color. It doubles the effect where you cross over an area you've already Dodged. It can quickly become "overdone" but, used in moderation and set at low opacity (more like strength with this tool), you can create wonderful highlights and special effects with it. Below is a sketch I did in just a few minutes. I filled the canvas with a very dark brown. Then, the rest of the drawing is done entirely with the Dodge tool. The brighter areas are achieved by repeated strokes. No other color was applied. (Dodge and Burn are photography terms used to denote increased or decreased exposure.) Try using the Dodge Tool in conjunction with a texture for making a sparkling effect on water or other surfaces. The Dodge Tool is symbolized by a + (plus) sign.
 
Burn: The Burn Tool, as you might expect, does the opposite of the Dodge Tool. It darkens and saturates any color you have already used in your drawing. It is often used for adding medium to dark shadows. The strength of the effect it produces is determined by the setting on the opacity slider. Burn is symbolized with a - (minus) sign.
 
Soft: The Soft Tool is a blurring rather than a blending or smudging tool. It works best for softening the edge of lines that are too jagged or for blurring the focus of details that you wish to give the appearance of receding into the distance. The strength or effect of the Soft Tool, as with Dodge and Burn, is controlled with the opacity slider in Box Nine of the Toolbar. In the example below I have softened the right edge of a pen and a pencil line and then blurred the right side of a textured area. The tool was set to full strength (opacity slider). The Soft Tool is symbolized by a blue droplet.
 
Dodge Example Burn Example Soft Example (JTablet enabled)
Dodge Example Burn Example Soft Example
Remember that you can vary the size and opacity of the Dodge, Burn and Soft tools just as you can with the other brushes.
 
Text:

  1. When you select the Text Tool and then click anywhere on your canvas a small text window will open. Dragging it to the upper left-hand corner of your canvas will give you the maximum space on the canvas for entering your text. Type your text into the small box. (You can reposition the text later with the copy tool, if necessary. Read about the Copy Tool on the Toolbar : Box Three page of the tutorial.) If you allow the box to go off the edge of the canvas, the tool won't work (visually, you cannot always tell if the box has gone over the edge of the canvas on the right side).
  2. Now, go down to Box Five on your toolbar and cycle/click through or open the drop-down menu until you find the Text Font Tool in that box. Choosing the Text Font Tool will open a window at the upper left-hand side of your screen. This window allows you to choose: Font, Font Size, White Space, Bold, Italic, and Horizontal (default) or Vertical Alignment. When you have done that, click "Apply". (Notice that I have repositioned the Text Font window so that I can see my color picker window.)
  3. Next, move your cursor into the box where your text is written and highlight the text.
  4. Then, using the color palette on the toolbar or the floating color picker (as I have done in the illustration - see the little white circle in the purple area?), choose the color you want your text to be.
  5. Now hit "Enter" on your keyboard. Your text should have appeared on your canvas. If it did not, try increasing the White Space number until it works. Although it does not show, the larger the White Space, the shorter your text box.
It's best to create your text on a separate layer from the artwork. That way you can reposition it without affecting your drawing. You can also use any of the other layer properties to affect the way the text appears; partial opacity so you can see through it to artwork on the layer underneath, for instance. (See the Layers portion of the tutorial.)
 
Text Tool
 
Combine: This is a tool for working in Layers. This tool has a similar function to the option in Layers for "merging" the layers. The difference is that it allows you to only merge a selected portion of the canvas instead of the entire area.

  1. Select the Combine tool. Check to see which layer you are currently working in.
  2. Use Combine to merge your current layer and all the layers below it in an area you are about to elect.
  3. Click/hold your cursor at a corner of the area you want to merge, and then drag the cursor toward the center of that area until the square/rectangle is the desired size. Release.
You have now Combined everything within that shape on the current layer and all layers below it. All the layers above the layer in which you are currently working will be unaffected. (Example: If you were working in layer 3, and used Combine, everything on layers 2, 1, and 0 will now be merged into layer 3. Layer 4 will remain unaffected.)